Bone Marrow Transplant for Lymphoma
Overview – What is Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is one of the most commonly heard among different types of cancers. It develops from the lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). The lymphocytes contribute in maintaining a healthy immune system. Lymphoma can affect all the different components of the lymphatic system which include lymph nodes, spleen and bone marrow.
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What are the different types of Lymphoma?
Basically there are two main types of Lymphoma: Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Within these main types, there are several other types of Lymphoma which are well-known.
- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
This is a type of cancer of the Lymphatic system which is seen to affect people among any age group. In Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, the cancer can spread from one lymph node to another at an extremely rapid pace.
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
This type is also commonly observed but the difference when Compared with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is that it does not spread from lymph node to lymph node. It might miss a lymph node and attack some other one. It can be B cell or cell NHL.
What are the symptoms of Lymphoma?
The symptoms of Lymphoma may not be visible for years in some patients. However, in certain patients, it could be similar to that of a common cold. If these symptoms extend beyond a considerable period of time with swelling noticed in the lymph nodes, then it is time you consult an oncologist preferrably hemato- onclogist. Some of the noticeable symptoms of Lymphoma include:
- Acute loss of weight
- Reduced appetite
- Persistent cough
- Breathing difficulties
- Swelling of lymph nodes
- Swelling of the abdomen
How is Lymphoma Diagnosed?
Your doctor will advise certain medical tests based on your symptoms. In case of Lymphoma, your doctors might even study your family history for any hints. The other tests might include:
- Physical examination
- Complete Blood Count with peripheral smear
- Blood Cell examination
- Bone Marrow Biopsy ( should the above three tests show acute variations)
- Imaging tests mostly PET CT
- Spinal Tap ( procedure done in certain cases to test the spinal fluid)
How is LyhomaTreated?
Like in most of the cancer treatments, the procedures are more or less similar, in the case of treating Lymphoma. However, the treatment is based on which stage of Lymphoma, the patient finds himself in. The treatments may include:
- ● Chemotherapy
- ● Radiation therapy
- ● Targeted therapy
- ● Immunotherapy
- ● Steroids
- ● Surgery to remove the affected part.
Age and your overall health condition might have an influence on the type of treatment your doctor finalises upon. However, the good news is that the survival rate from Lymphoma on timely treatment is high and that’s a positive sign. Your healthcare team will determine a treatment plan they hope will be most beneficial for you.
To seek more information about Lymphoma and how to address it, feel free to connect with our experts at Haematology and BMT Institute.
MEET OUR DOCTOR
With a renowned experience of 15 years, Dr. SK Gupta’s time in the field is the backbone of the Institute. Having started out as a medical student he eventually sprouted to performing over 250 bone marrow transplants to those suffering from blood disorders.
But his expertise does not end here.
He is specialised in various other arrays including Leukemia, Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Aplastic Anemia, Thalassemia and Sickle cell diseases, Hemophagocytic syndromes and so on.
An ongoing struggle globally is treating patients on time and Dr. SK Gupta’s morale hits exactly that very spot! He has dealt with cases where adults have been affected by the same by following his principle of giving timely treatment.