Q01? What is hematology / hemato-oncology ?

Hematology / hemato oncology is the branch of science deals with with cancer and non cancer disorders of following four liquid organs.

  1. Blood cells,
  2. Bone marrow cells(production unit),
  3. Lymph nodes (Development area) ,
  4. Spleen(Storage and Filter organ)

Q02? What diseases does a hemato-oncologists / hematologists treat ?

Deceases arising from all four liquid organs which can be either cancerous /Malignant;– Leukemia (ALL, AML, CLL, CML, Myelofibrosis, Myelodysplastic syndromes), Lymphoma (Hodgkins and Non Hodgkins), Myeloma and Non Cancerous ;– Pancytopenia, Aplastic Anemia, Pyrexia of unknown origin, ITP, TTP, DVT, Hemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia excetra

Q03? Why would you need a hematology /Hemato oncologist consultation?

This opinion/ consultation is required for bone marrow transplant, cancer, non cancer disease. We know that unlike solid organs ( brain, liver, lung , stomach etc)  blood is not limited/restricted to one particular. So if its not detected on time or even if detected on time but not properly guided and most important monitored on time then we may not achieve desired quality outcome.

Q04? What are cancerous hematological disorders/ liquid organ disorders ?

Leukemia (ALL, AML, CLL, CML, MDS, Myelofibrois), Lymphoma (Hodgkin and Non Hodgkin s), Plasma cell disorders including Multiple Myeloma

Q05? How these cancerous hematological (liquid organ) disorders differs from solid organ cancers?

All the four liquid organs are closely linked with each other , starting from their origin to development , functions and subsequently their removal from the blood circulation by Spleen . Moreover blood cells are our Police-mans and Army. So if there is a delay in the detection and standard to detect treatment can lead to advanced stage more chances of failure , higher hospital billing,  Poor mental and Physical stress for patients and family. We can minimize unnecessarily investigations and treatment  including, repeated Bone marrow examinations and Blood transfusions.

Q06? I don't have cancer so why do i need to show to hemato-oncologist /hematologist ?

A Pure hematologist also do treats non cancerous disorders of childrens, adults as well as elderly populations which are even more serious than cancerous. For example Congenital immune deficiencies, Aplastic anemia, Pancytopenia, TTP, HLH.

Q07? Is it possible to detect these critical disorders like blood cancer,, lymphoma, myeloma early ?

Everything is possible in life subjected to right guidance at early stage.Identifying Early signs and symptoms will help in early detection. Symptoms like persistent fever, Unexplained weight loss, Decreased food intake, Weakness , Reddish / Bluish spots over the skin, Nodular swelling on Neck, Arm pits are few of examples. Now a days routine master health check ups are being done,in that most common test is complete blood count (CBC/CBP). If this test has been done at good center and analyzed by a good  hematologist, and then if we club this tests along with good physical examination ,more than 70% of these critical but highly curable hematological disorders can picked early.

Q08? What are tests required to detect early for the good outcome ?

Doing  blood tests alone is not sufficient to diagnose solid/liquid  disorders at early stage What matters is who is interpreting/ analyzing these tests and where these tests are being done.

Now a days  based on the marketing there are  lots of laboratories who are doing the tests at lessor cost without giving attention to the quality, leading to either missing the diagnosis or making more diagnosis subsequently doing battery of another investigation

Q09? We heard like blood cancers or leukemia are not curable. What s the truth in this?

In acute leukemia (ALL,AML) there are always chances of cure. Success in the life based on the Probabilities/possibilities , not on guarantee. If before starting the treatment of itself, if we know the 100% of success then we humans itselfs are God. We have examples of Acute leukemia cases to whom Dr.Gupta sir has treated got married having kids and now doing jobs.

Q10? What i have to careful while i go to any oncologist or hospital for any liquid organ disorders treatment ?

Try to avoid a doctor who is treating both solid organ ( Medical oncology) and branding himself as a combined medical oncologist and hematologist. Even though they have treated earlier and now also they may be treating. Buth the time, and extra quality care matters a lot in treating hematological/Hematooncological cancers.

Q11? What is oncology and its relation with hematology ?

Oncology deals with cancer deceases. There are four specialization in oncology. Medical oncology, Surgical oncology, Radiation Oncology are related with treatment of Solid Organs(Brain, head ,neck, breast,lung uterus, liver, prostate, bones etc). While fourth specialization is related with more delicate / Fragile/ Critical liquid organs(Blood Cells, Bone marrow cells, Spleen, lymph nodes and its limited cancerous diseases like leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Hemato oncologists they do treats non cancer disorders of this four liquid

Q12? I don't have any hemato-oncology cancer(leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma) , still, is it better to take Dr SK Gupta sir opinion for solid organs (breast, brain, prostate, liver etc) ?

When ever we hear a shocking news about cancer affected with our known to or family members or known to what will be the first few things will comes our mind.

  1. He / She Will Not Survive
  2. What is the stage of this cancer
  3. Let us go to one of the branded hospital or visit our family doctor or let meet one of our earlier cancer specialist Doctor who have treated one of our friend/Relative.

Dr. SK Gupta is Specialized in:

  • MBBS (Gold Medalist), MD – Pediatrics (AIIMS – Delhi)
  • DM-Clinical Hematology & BMT (AIIMS – Delhi)
  • Clinical Hematologist | Hemato Oncologist
  • Pediatric Hematologist | Hemato Oncologist
  • Blood & Bone Marrow Transplant Specialist