BEST ONCOLOGY HOSPITALS IN HYDERABAD

A branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. It includes medical oncology (the use of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and other drugs to treat cancer), radiation oncology (the use of radiation therapy to treat cancer), and surgical oncology (the use of surgery and other procedures to treat cancer).

What is on oncology?
Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist The name’s etymological origin is the Greek word ὄγκος (óngkos), meaning . “burden, volume, mass” and . “barb”, and the Greek word λόγος (logos), meaning “study”. The neoclassical term oncology was used from 1618, initially in neo-Greek, in cognizance of Galen’s work on abnormal tumors, De tumoribus præter naturam

Cancer survival has improved due to three main components: improved prevention efforts to reduce exposure to risk factors (e.g., tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption), improved screening of several cancers (allowing for earlier diagnosis), and improvements in treatment.

Cancers are often managed through discussion on multi-disciplinary cancer conferences where medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologist, pathologists, radiologists, and organ specific oncologists meet to find the best possible management for an individual patient considering the physical, social, psychological, emotional, and financial status of the patient.It is very important for oncologists to keep updated with respect to the latest advancements in oncology, as changes in management of cancer are quite common.

Because a cancer diagnosis can cause distress and anxiety,clinicians may use a number of strategies such as SPIKESfor delivering the bad news.

The role of the oncologist
An oncologist manages a patient’s care throughout the course of the disease. This starts with the diagnosis. His or her role includes:

Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage

Talking about all treatment options and his or her preferred choice

Delivering quality and compassionate care

Helping a patient manage the symptoms and side effects of cancer and cancer treatment.

Different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments. For instance, a patient may need treatment with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. This is called a multidisciplinary team.

Types of Oncologists ;

Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer.

The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.

A surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during surgery. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.

A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.

Other types of oncologists include:

A gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.

A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers. This includes certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Types of cancer more common in children sometimes also occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist.

A hematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

The role of the oncologist ;

An oncologist manages a patient’s care throughout the course of the disease. This starts with the diagnosis. His or her role includes:

Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage

Talking about all treatment options and his or her preferred choice

Delivering quality and compassionate care

Helping a patient manage the symptoms and side effects of cancer and cancer treatment.

Different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments. For instance, a patient may need treatment with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. This is called a multidisciplinary team.