What is Blood Cancer

What you need to know about Blood Cancer

What is blood cancer?

When cancer starts developing in the blood-forming tissues, it can lead to blood cancer. Blood forming issues red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and even bone marrow. When the growth of abnormal blood cells blows out of proportion in the body, it can hamper the functionality of blood cells. Blood cancer starts with the reduction in the production of infection-fighting cells and even new blood cells. Most of the blood cancers are hematologic cancers which means it starts in the bone marrow and eventually spreads in the body.

India gets approximately 8 Lakhs of new cancer cases every year. Out of which 70,000-80,000 are blood cancer cases. India reports 3rd highest cases of blood cancer every year after the US and China.

Types of Blood Cancer?

There are two main verticals of blood cancer. However, these three can be further subcategorized. 

  1. Leukemia:

    A type of blood cancer that originates in a person’s bone marrow and blood. This is the most common type of blood cancer. When the body starts creating more abnormal white blood cells than required, it starts interfering with the ability of the bone marrow to generate red blood cells and platelets.

  2. i) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:

    This type of blood cancer starts developing from cells called lymphocytes in the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes are a subset of white blood cells that helps the human body fight external and internal infections.

    ii) Hodgkin Lymphoma:

    Hodgkin Lymphoma is caused when the lymphatic system starts producing abnormal lymphocytes called Reed-Sternberg cells.

Causes of Blood Cancer

While there are no proven specifics on the cause of blood cancer, there are some definite factors that play a huge role:

  1. Alcohol:

    Occasional drinking does not hamper your health. But excessive consumption of alcohol can make your immune system weak. It can also obstruct the production of new cells in the bone marrow. 

  2. Tobacco:

    Tobacco is a cancer-causing element. Intake of tobacco in any form can cause cancer. Tobacco weakens the immune system and can alter the person’s DNA making them susceptible to a number of diseases and cancers.

  3. Genetic:

    If you have a family history of hematological diseases, you are prone to blood cancer.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer

Blood cancer patients can have the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headaches
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rashes on Skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Night sweats
  • Bone/joint pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sudden unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent infections
  • Swelling in lymph nodes of the neck, underarms, or groin

Treatment of Blood Cancer

Treatment of blood cancer can depend on several factors. It majorly depends on age, speed of the cancer development, location of cancer, and the type of cancer. However, there are some commonly followed treatments.

  1. Stem Cell Transplant:

    Stem cells are present in the umbilical cord, bone marrow, and circulating blood. In stem cell transplants, healthy blood-forming stem cells are extracted from the donor and infused in the patient’s blood. 

  2. Chemotherapy:

    Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments of cancer. This includes introducing anticancer drugs in the body to halt the development of cancerous cells. In some cases, chemotherapy is required after the stem cell transplant.

  3. Radiation Therapy:

    Radiations are used to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy can also be done for relieving pain relief of the patients. At times, radiation therapy is done before stem cell transplants.

Blood Cancer falls under the Hematology department. Dr. S.K Gupta at Hematology and BMT Institute International is one of the best hematologists in India. His expertise and knowledge in blood, bone marrow-related disorders are unmatched. He possesses experience of 15 years and believes timely diagnosis, proper guidance, and effective treatment are the foundations of the battle with blood cancer.

Hematology and BMT Institute International is well known in India. The team of experts specializes in hematology or blood-related diseases. The clinic is located in Hyderabad and envisions accessible and reliable medical treatments.

PadmaAplasticAnemia

A MOTHER’S SECOND CHANCE AT LIFE WITH DR.S.K.GUPTA

Desmond Tutu once said, “Hope is being able to see that there is light despite all of the darkness.” It all started in December 2019, when Komal’s (name changed) mother, Aruna (name changed) fell sick after attending a marriage in their village.
After medical consultation, small reddish
spots were observed on her skin, which initially appeared to be normal mosquito bites. After a couple of days, Komal took her mother, Aruna to a clinic for her regular diabetic checkup, where she also mentioned the red spots to the doctor. The doctor suggested taking a CBP test (Complete Blood Count), which showed low platelets count. The doctor advised an immediate admission to the hospital as the platelet count was below 1 lakh, and other tests revealed that she was also dengue positive. 

Aruna’s treatment went on for 10 days with no sign of improvement. Despite the proper medication, her platelet count went down to 30,000. When the family discussed with the doctor, he advised consulting a specialized Hematologist in a corporate hospital in Hyderabad. 

Upon meeting the Hematologist at the hospital, the doctor advised going for a Complete Hemogram Count(CBC) and ANA by IF test, an Antinuclear antibody test by Immunofluorescence method. By the time the family received the report,  the platelet count went down to  10,000, and ANA by IF test results were negative. The Doctor informed them that it’s not dengue, but a disease called ITP (Immune Thrombocytopenia), in which platelets get destroyed by one’s own body cells. Aruna was admitted due to the low platelet count and immediately one SDP (Single Donor Platelets) was transmitted. Her platelet count rose above 1 lakh and she was discharged the next day but the doctor advised her to stay on medication, and she was kept under steroids (Omni Cortile & Romiplostim) for a month. Despite the regular medication, Aruna’s health was not improving,  platelets were about 20,000 on and off, so 6 packets of SDP were transmitted again. As there was no development in her condition, the doctor advised further tests; a Bone Marrow Biopsy to check the functionality of the bone marrow.

Only after the tests did the family found out that Aruna was suffering from Severe Aplastic Anemia. In such conditions, the bone marrow does not make enough blood cells for the body to function smoothly. 

A doctor suggested taking an appointment with Dr.S.K.Gupta in Hematology BMT Institute International. He is one of the best hematologists in India and a specialist in treating blood disorders, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen disorders.
Dr.S.K.Gupta studied the reports and explained that the patient did not suffer from ITP, but confirmed that she had Severe Aplastic Anemia. The doctor patiently elucidated the entire situation to the family, which helped them to get a better understanding of the disorder. 

On 16th Feb 2020, the patient was admitted to Hematology BMT Institute International under the supervision of Dr. S.K.Gupta. On the first day, CBP test reports showed that the platelets were very low,  so the doctor advised to have an SDP transfusion and other initial baseline procedure tests like CT, MRI, abdominal ultrasound test. Aruna was discharged for a few days until the final reports were examined by Dr. Gupta.

Aruna was admitted to the hospital after a week and the treatment procedure was immediately taken over by Dr. Gupta and his team. Dr.S.K. Gupta visited her every day to check her health. Along with the treatment, Dr.Gupta also arranged counseling sessions every week to clear doubts regarding the treatment. 

During Aruna’s treatment for the last 6 months, she received only a single RDP (Random Donor Platelets) and RBC (Red Blood Cells) through transfusion. 

Dr.S.K.Gupta was also very patient in answering the questions and did not hesitate to respond to doubts and queries of the patient and family. Komal commented, “I strongly recommend Dr.S.K.Gupta not because he treated my mother but, because his knowledge and passion towards treating his patients are impeccable.” 

Dr.S.K.Gupta is one of the best hemato-oncologist doctors in Hyderabad. With over 15 years of experience, he’s an expert in treating blood disorders like Leukemia, Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Aplastic Anemia, Thalassemia and Sickle Cell disease, Hemophagocytic syndromes, Immunodeficiencies, and spleen disorders. Dr.Gupta says that proper monitoring of the patient’s condition and boosting the morale of both the patient and the family are the key steps in reducing morbidity and mortality during the treatment. 

The Hematology and BMT Institute International in Hyderabad is the best in treating any blood-related disorders.
If you want to book an appointment or want to connect with Dr.Gupta, then visit
https://hematologybmt.com/ or contact at 7780297660. 

Hematologist in Hyderabad

The Basics of Hematology, Common Blood Disorders, & the Role of Hematologists

Medicine is a field that has several branches and many of which are not popular with the common man. Hematology is one of them. To understand this field, we must first begin with its origin. It is important to know whence we came, so we know where we are going.

History of Hematology

The history of Hematology dates back to 1600 BC when Egyptians found bone cancer in mummies and manuscripts. A significant advancement in blood research arrived in 1642 when Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope and detected blood cells. In 1770, the ‘Father of Hematology’ William Hewson created blood-clotting properties and expressed his understanding of leukocytes, or white blood cells. It was not until 1818 that James Blundell successfully performed the first documented blood transfusion between humans. Still, the world would have to wait for another hundred years until Reuben Ottenberg used blood typing to conduct transfusions and established the universality of type O blood.

HEMATOLOGIST IN HYDERABAD

What is Hematology? Hematologist in Hyderabad

There have been many inventions in the field of medicine, and even then, the concept of blood-related disorders is uncommon. There are many disorders that are related to blood but we are usually not able to judge whether the issue is in the organs or the blood. We do not know which doctor to consult when faced with certain symptoms.

Blood makes up a large portion of the human body. It has long been recognized as essential for surviving and as a component of the life force itself. It is a body fluid that contains components like red blood cells (commonly better understood as Hemoglobin), white blood cells (Leucocytes), plasma, and platelets. Blood runs through veins, arteries, and capillaries with a mixture of 55% plasma and 45% blood cells. Blood cells are formed in the stem cells of bone marrow. (A bone marrow is a spongy tissue inside your hip and thigh bones.) 

The role of blood in the human body involves the transfer of vital resources throughout the body, such as oxygen and nutrients. The stem cells which normally reside in bone marrow develop or create or produce red blood cells that help in carrying oxygen through the body; white blood cells which help in fighting infections; and platelets which help in bleeding control. The circulation of blood in the body also helps in regulating water flow and acidity in the body. 

Blood disorders may affect many of the body’s functions, such as the lymphatic system, a network of waste-clearing tissues, and organs. Heart diseases often arise from bone marrow complications. Hematology is aimed at explaining how these complications occur, how they affect the safety of an individual, and how they can be treated. 

 

Hematology can be defined as the study of blood and its components, the study of bone marrow a source of blood components, the study of lymph nodes a training center for blood components, and also the study of the spleen which function like graveyard storage of blood components. It covers the diagnosis, treatment, prevention of all these 4 organs disorders which can be cancerous/malignant like different forms of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma,  or non-cancerous like anemia, sickle-cell anemia, thalassemia, aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, ITP, TTP, AIHA, Bleeding disorders (hemophilia), clotting disorders (DVT, Young stroke) etcetera. 

Diseases & Symptoms

If a person encounters any of the following symptoms then it’s time to visit a hematologist. Symptoms include weakness, giddiness,  shortness of breath, easy bruising, excess sweating, persistent back pain, recurrent infections, persistent fever, unintentional weight loss, nodular swelling neck, armpit, groin area, unexplained bleeding or clotting, unexplained high/low hemoglobin, unexplained high/low white blood cells and unexplained high/low platelets. Even if a patient is requiring or received any blood, platelets, or plasma transfusion then also he should visit a hematologist/ Hemato Oncologist to identify the root cause at an early stage. These symptoms could be the indicators of disease like anemia, sickle cell disease, thalassemia, malaria, bleeding disorders, blood cancer, thrombosis, and hypercoagulability. One should visit a hematologist if the mentioned symptoms persist.

Who is a Hematologist?

A hematologist is a person who treats these diseases. They operate in blood centers, anatomy labs, and private clinics. There are many specialists in this field of medicine. Specialists in this field of medicine concentrate their practice on either one of the areas of hematology.

A hematologist might have one of the following specialties:

 

  • Hemoglobinopathy – specializes in the study of lack of hemoglobin in the blood which can cause sickle cell disease, thalassemia, or other conditions.
  • Hematological Malignancy – focuses on the detection and management of blood cancers.
  • Anemias: studies the deficiency of hemoglobin or red blood cells.
  • Coagulopathy: studies bleeding disorder; this represents the capacity of the body to create blood clots.

 

Hematologists are qualified to handle blood and blood-related organs such as lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and lymphoid tissues. Suppose any symptoms related to blood diseases are experienced; a hematologist would ask you to take some tests such as full blood count test, white blood cell test, platelets, clotting screens, blood enzyme test, bone marrow biopsy, blood transfusions, and mono screening.

Many blood disorders are life-threatening, which is why hematologists work so hard at their job. Long gone were the days when we used to fear not having a proper cure for certain diseases. At Hematology and BMT Institute International, we specialize in all kinds of blood tests and treatments of blood disorders and make sure that you receive the best treatment with personalized care and comfort with friendly doctors at less expense.

Are you considering visiting a hematologist? Dr. S.K Gupta, Gold medalist,  DM – Clinical Hematology and BMT (AIIMS, Delhi) at Hematology and BMT Institute International specializes in hemato-oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation procedures.

To know more visit our website https://hematologybmt.com/ or contact us: +91 7780297660 or +91 9390447254.

 

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