What is Blood Cancer

What you need to know about Blood Cancer

What is blood cancer?

When cancer starts developing in the blood-forming tissues, it can lead to blood cancer. Blood forming issues red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and even bone marrow. When the growth of abnormal blood cells blows out of proportion in the body, it can hamper the functionality of blood cells. Blood cancer starts with the reduction in the production of infection-fighting cells and even new blood cells. Most of the blood cancers are hematologic cancers which means it starts in the bone marrow and eventually spreads in the body.

India gets approximately 8 Lakhs of new cancer cases every year. Out of which 70,000-80,000 are blood cancer cases. India reports 3rd highest cases of blood cancer every year after the US and China.

Types of Blood Cancer?

There are two main verticals of blood cancer. However, these three can be further subcategorized. 

  1. Leukemia:

    A type of blood cancer that originates in a person’s bone marrow and blood. This is the most common type of blood cancer. When the body starts creating more abnormal white blood cells than required, it starts interfering with the ability of the bone marrow to generate red blood cells and platelets.

  2. i) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:

    This type of blood cancer starts developing from cells called lymphocytes in the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes are a subset of white blood cells that helps the human body fight external and internal infections.

    ii) Hodgkin Lymphoma:

    Hodgkin Lymphoma is caused when the lymphatic system starts producing abnormal lymphocytes called Reed-Sternberg cells.

Causes of Blood Cancer

While there are no proven specifics on the cause of blood cancer, there are some definite factors that play a huge role:

  1. Alcohol:

    Occasional drinking does not hamper your health. But excessive consumption of alcohol can make your immune system weak. It can also obstruct the production of new cells in the bone marrow. 

  2. Tobacco:

    Tobacco is a cancer-causing element. Intake of tobacco in any form can cause cancer. Tobacco weakens the immune system and can alter the person’s DNA making them susceptible to a number of diseases and cancers.

  3. Genetic:

    If you have a family history of hematological diseases, you are prone to blood cancer.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer

Blood cancer patients can have the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headaches
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rashes on Skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Night sweats
  • Bone/joint pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sudden unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent infections
  • Swelling in lymph nodes of the neck, underarms, or groin

Treatment of Blood Cancer

Treatment of blood cancer can depend on several factors. It majorly depends on age, speed of the cancer development, location of cancer, and the type of cancer. However, there are some commonly followed treatments.

  1. Stem Cell Transplant:

    Stem cells are present in the umbilical cord, bone marrow, and circulating blood. In stem cell transplants, healthy blood-forming stem cells are extracted from the donor and infused in the patient’s blood. 

  2. Chemotherapy:

    Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments of cancer. This includes introducing anticancer drugs in the body to halt the development of cancerous cells. In some cases, chemotherapy is required after the stem cell transplant.

  3. Radiation Therapy:

    Radiations are used to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy can also be done for relieving pain relief of the patients. At times, radiation therapy is done before stem cell transplants.

Blood Cancer falls under the Hematology department. Dr. S.K Gupta at Hematology and BMT Institute International is one of the best hematologists in India. His expertise and knowledge in blood, bone marrow-related disorders are unmatched. He possesses experience of 15 years and believes timely diagnosis, proper guidance, and effective treatment are the foundations of the battle with blood cancer.

Hematology and BMT Institute International is well known in India. The team of experts specializes in hematology or blood-related diseases. The clinic is located in Hyderabad and envisions accessible and reliable medical treatments.

BLOOD CANCER SURVIVOR

A 6-YEAR-OLD BLOOD CANCER SURVIVOR STAYS STRONG TO INSPIRE OTHERS

A diagnosis of blood cancer can change lives; not only for the patients but also for their family and friends who love them. Let’s look at Bhavya’s (name changed) cancer treatment journey and experience with Dr. S.K. Gupta at Hematology BMT Institute International

Bhavya was 6 years old when she was diagnosed with blood cancer. It all started in mid-January 2019 when she started suffering from fever, cough, and cold. She also started losing weight drastically. Her family took her to a local hospital at Shadnagar but no difference was seen in her health. As time passed by, the fever started rising along with tremendous weight loss and mouth ulcers. The Government Hospital at Shadnagar conducted various tests and asked her family to take her to any good hospital. Later, Bhavya’s family took her to their native place located in Solapur, Maharashtra.

In March 2019, she was admitted to Markandeya Sahakari Rugnalaya under the observation of Dr. Shrishi Keyur. Treatments started and several tests were performed. The doctor after studying the results told Bhavya’s uncle that Bhavya is diagnosed with cancer. Her family tried consulting various other doctors but none of them matched their expectations. Finally, Bhavya’s uncle, Anand (name changed) insisted on consulting a Paediatric Hematologist, Dr. Dhinanth Mangeshkar in Pune.  The doctor informed the family that Bhavya is suffering from blood cancer and it has already spread across 95% of her body. The doctor insisted on starting the treatment immediately.

Amidst the dilemma, Bhavya’s family came to know about Dr. S.K. Gupta, senior consultant and founder at Hematology BMT Institute International, Hyderabad. Upon reaching the hospital, Prema, Dr. Gupta’s assistant, received them and took a brief medical history of Bhavya. Dr. Gupta guided Bhavya and her family through blood cancer and its treatments. Her family felt relaxed after receiving the doctor’s counseling. Bone marrow, Fisher mark, and other tests were done to understand what exactly is the case. Dr. Gupta then started Chemotherapy, which was a difficult phase for Bhavya and her family. Bhavya’s Chemotherapy lasted for 4 months. It was a difficult phase especially when the WBCs and platelet count were being closely monitored. During these times, the hospital management was so keen and supportive that it made it easier for the family to stay strong. Dr. Gupta spent time listening and answering the patient and her family member’s questions. He treated Bhavya as his child and played with her during his visits, which motivated her for a faster recovery. 

Bhavya’s mother said, “A heartfelt thanks to Dr. Gupta for my daughter’s second birth. Thanks to the management and staff for their all-time support. It was a great experience at Hematology and BMT Institute International.”

Dr. S.K. Gupta is a renowned hematologist in India with experience of over 15 years, practicing as a senior hematology consultant at Hematology BMT Institute International. He is an expert in treating blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen disorders. Dr. S.K. Gupta strongly believes that the cornerstones of fruitful outcomes even in life-threatening hematological disorders are early diagnosis, proper guidance, and support. Adequate monitoring of the patient’s condition, improving the morale of both the patient and the family, are also crucial steps in reducing morbidity and mortality during treatment. 

At Hematology BMT Institute International, we have the best cancer doctors, who specialize in treating blood cancer with surgery, chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant, biological therapy, and hemato-oncology.

 

Book an appointment with Dr. S.K. Gupta, an experienced cancer specialist at Hematology BMT Institute International, one of the best cancer hospitals in India. Visit our website https://hematologybmt.com/ or call us at +91 7780297660. 

 

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