Best Pediatric Hematologist in Hyderabad
Pediatric hematologists/oncologists diagnose, treat, and manage children and teens with the following: Cancers including leukemias, lymphomas, brain tumors, bone tumors, and solid tumors. Diseases of blood cells including disorders of white cells, red cells, and platelets.21-Nov-2015
What is a Pediatric Hematologist/Oncologist?
If your child or teen has a blood disease or cancer, a pediatric hematologist/oncologist has the experience and qualifications to evaluate and treat your child or teen. The unique nature of care of children or teens with blood diseases and cancer is learned from advanced training and experience in practice. Pediatric hematologists/oncologists treat children and teens from birth through young adulthood.
What is a pediatric hematologist-oncologist?
A pediatric hematologist-oncologist specializes in researching, diagnosing and treating blood disorders and cancer in children. Pediatric hematologist-oncologists care for children with blood conditions, such as anemia and bleeding disorders, and cancers, such as brain cancer and leukemia. They often work as part of a healthcare team that includes surgeons, radiologists, pathologists, nurses, and social workers.
A pediatric hematologist-oncologist typically:
Performs a physical exam and takes a medical history
Orders and interprets laboratory, imaging, genetic and surgical tests to confirm and analyze the presence of cancer
Provides preventive screening for blood disorders, such as sickle cell anemia and bleeding conditions
Diagnoses and treats childhood cancers and acute and chronic diseases and conditions that affect a child’s blood, including problems with blood cell production and blood clotting
Provides a care plan for cancer treatment, which may include recommending surgery to remove cancer and precancerous cells, radiation therapy, or bone marrow transplantation
Orders or provides medical treatments to eliminate cancer, such as medication therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy
Orders or provides palliative therapies, such as medications and physical therapy to manage pain and symptoms
A pediatric hematologist-oncologist may also be known by the following names: children’s cancer doctor and pediatric oncologist.
Who should see a pediatric hematologist-oncologist?
Any child who is diagnosed with or suspected of having a blood disease or a childhood cancer should seek care from a pediatric hematologist-oncologist. Children with cancer or a chronic blood disorder, such as hemophilia, should see a pediatric hematologist-oncologist regularly to monitor and treat their condition. Children with family members who have an inherited blood disorder or condition should see a pediatric hematologist-oncologist for proper screening.
When should you see a pediatric hematologist-oncologist?
You should seek care from an experienced pediatric hematologist-oncologist when your child’s primary care doctor or other doctor has diagnosed him or her with or suspects that he or she has cancer or a blood disorder. The doctor who diagnosed your child should help you choose a pediatric hematologist-oncologist with whom you can consult about further tests, reach a final diagnosis, and design a treatment plan.
You can also request a referral to a pediatric hematologist-oncologist for a second opinion regarding a cancer or blood disorder diagnosis and suggested treatment plan.
What conditions and diseases does a pediatric hematologist-oncologist treat?
A pediatric hematologist-oncologist treats childhood cancers and blood conditions and diseases that affect children including:
Anemia and red blood cell disorders including sickle cell disease, chronic anemia from blood loss, hemolytic anemia, pernicious anemia, aplastic anemia, thalassemia (abnormal hemoglobin), polycythemia (too many red blood cells), and nutritional anemias such as iron deficiency anemia
Bleeding disorders including hemophilia, von Willebrand’s disease, and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), a condition in which you don’t have enough platelets to clot blood normally and bleeding under the skin creates bruises and small reddish purple spots
Blood clotting conditions including thrombophilia and childhood stroke
Childhood cancers including brain cancer, neuroblastoma, Ewing sarcoma, Wilms’ tumor, leukemia, and lymphoma
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) including AIDS-related lymphoma and anemia
Malaria, a mosquito-borne disease. The malaria parasite infects red blood cells and causes high fever and shaking chills.
Neutropenia (inadequate white blood cells) including Kostmann syndrome and other congenital neutropenias, autoimmune neutropenia, neonatal neutropenia, and idiopathic neutropenia
What tests does a pediatric hematologist-oncologist perform or order?
A pediatric hematologist-oncologist can order or perform a wide variety of diagnostic and screening tests including:
Biopsy including bone marrow aspiration and lymph node biopsy
Blood plasma and platelet tests including prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and thrombin time to evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders; and examining blood under a microscope to look for changes in blood cell size and shape
Genetic testing for sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, and other inherited blood disorders
Imaging studies including ultrasounds, X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Laboratory tests including complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, a measure of inflammation), and other blood tests to diagnose anemia, infections and cancer
What procedures and treatments does a pediatric hematologist-oncologist perform or order?
Pediatric hematologist-oncologists order or perform various procedures and treatments to manage childhood blood diseases and cancers. Many pediatric hematologist-oncologists are trained in both medical and surgical treatments. However, your pediatric hematology-oncologist may provide referrals to other specialists within the field of pediatric hematology-oncology. For example, you may be referred to a doctor who specializes in stem cell transplantation if your child requires this type of procedure. Common procedures and treatments include:
Anemia treatments including blood transfusions, vitamin and nutritional therapy, antibiotics and immune suppressants to treat hemolytic anemia, and medications to increase blood cell production
Bleeding treatments including medications, platelet transfusions, and clotting factor transfusion
Blood cancer treatments including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, and stem cell transplant
Bone marrow transplant to treat leukemia, aplastic anemia, and some immune deficiency diseases
Catheter or port insertion for chemotherapy and blood tests. A surgeon inserts a semipermanent catheter or port through which your child receives chemotherapy and other medications as part of cancer treatment.
Clotting treatments including anti-clotting medications (anticoagulants such as warfarin), clot-busting drugs, and catheter-directed thrombolysis, which is a minimally invasive procedure to destroy blood clots
Medical treatments including chemotherapy and immunotherapy to cure or stop the spread of cancer
Palliative therapies including medications and physical therapy to manage pain and other symptoms